ACROPOLIS HILL & MUSEUM
We view Acropolis Hill/ Parthenon from all different Angles
Athens is a place of great cultural interest, as well as a vivid and modern city. The harmonious and perfectly balanced fitting between the old and the new age makes this city unique. Travelers attracted to Athens by an interest in the history of the ancient world's cultural capital have many choices to make. In this page we post our photos from Acropolis and new Museum... Although we have greatly enjoyed traveling around Athens, checking out places, taking photos and writing our text, as we are sure you can appreciate, it was at great expense and also time consuming. We continue to develop the site updating and adding new information constantly. Therefore we kindly ask any interested party who wishes to copy any part of the site - text or photos - to contact us and make a proposal before doing so. Thank you for your co-operation
The Acropolis consisting of the words Akron (edge) and Polis (city) means "the highest/ edge point of a city", is certainly the focal point of any visit and every archaeological tour undoubtedly starts with the Parthenon, the temple that symbolizes Greek architecture and represents the very core of Greek civilization.
Athena's Temple Parthenon was built in 448-438 B.C. from a design by Phidias, Ictinus and Callicrates, the temple is a classic example of the Doric order, with a colonnade of eight columns at each end. Its structural and decorative elements were based on complex mathematical calculations, successfully expressing in architecture the harmony of proportions already experimented with and codified by Polyclitus in his sculpture. The underlying principles are probably to be found in the philosophical debates of the Pythagoreans and Anaxagoras regarding universal harmony.
The Acropolis of Athens was both a fortress and a sanctuary mainly for the worship of the goddess protecting the city, goddess Athena, after whom the city was named. Light is the word that comes to mind when one looks up at the holy rock of the Acropolis. Every city in ancient Greece had its own acropolis, the equivalent of the fortress in medieval times. An acropolis was always built on a rock or a hill overlooking the city, not necessarily the highest one but the one with a water supply was chosen.
High walls were built around it in order to offer refuge and protection to the citizens in case of invasion or war.
Erecthion The last addition to the Acropolis before the end of the 5th century B.C. was the new temple of Athena Polias, known throughout history as the Erechtheum, after the Attic name for Poseidon (the old patron of the city). It was built north of the Parthenon, between 421 and 405 B.C, to a plan by Philocles or according to some - Callicrates or Mnesicles. The Ionic portico with six columns on the east gives access to the cella, where the ancient wooden cult icon of Athena Polias was devotedly kept. On the west side, on different levels, were spaces for the cults of Poseidon Erechtheum, Hephaestus, the hero Butte and the serpent - boy Erichthonius, particularly dear to Athena.
The Theater of Dionysus Eleuthereus is a major theater in Athens, built at the foot of the Athenian Acropolis. Dedicated to Dionysus, the god of plays and wine (among other things), the theater could seat as many as 17,000 people with excellent acoustics, making it an ideal location for ancient Athens' biggest theatrical celebration, the Dionysia. It was the first stone theater ever built and supposedly birthplace of Greek tragedy. The remains of a restored and redesigned Roman version can still be seen at the site today. It is sometimes confused with the later, smaller and better-preserved Odeon of Herodes Atticus, located nearby on the southwest slope of the Acropolis.The site was used as a theater since the sixth century BC. The existing structure dates back to the fourth century BC but had many other later re modellings.
Herodion Theater. It was built in 161 AD by an Athenian donator Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped theater with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof made of expensive, cedar of Lebanon timber. It was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000. It lasted intact until it was destroyed and turned into a ruin by the Heruli in 267 AD.
The audience stands and the orchestra (stage) were restored using pentelic marble in the 1950s. Since then it has been the main venue of the Athens Festival, which runs from May through October each year, featuring a variety of acclaimed Greek as well as International performances. In 1957 Maria Callas performed at the Odeon as part of the Athens Festival
The Acropolis Museum is an archaeological museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of the Acropolis of Athens. The museum was founded in 2003, while the Organization of the Museum was established in 2008. It opened to the public on 20 June 2009. Nearly 4,000 objects are exhibited over an area of 14,000 square meters. On 2016, Acropolis museum ranked 9th in the TripAdvisor‘s Travelers Choice Awards of the 25 Best Museums in the world for 2016.
The entrance fee to the museum is €5.
The excavation below ground level continues. The site and process are visible through the ground level glass flooring. The site will be available for visitation once the excavation is complete.
Ancient Agora. The Agora of Classical Athens is the best known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill.
The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion or earlier as the Theseion, is a well preserved Greek temple. It remains standing largely as built. It is a Doric peripteral temple, and is located at the north west side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill. From the 7th century until 1834, it served as the Greek Orthodox church of Saint George. Mythological: Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working, craftsmanship, and fire. There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. Archaeological evidence suggests that there was no earlier building on the site except for a small sanctuary that was burned when the Persians occupied Athens in 480 BC.
Closed: 1 January, Easter Sunday, 1 May, 25 and 26 December
On Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve (24 and 31 December), the Acropolis Museum opens from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m
On August Full Moon and European Night of Museums, the Acropolis Museum operates until 12 midnight.
General admission fee: €5
Dear travelers, in order to see the Archaeological, historical or modern sites in Athens a walking tour is necessary. We walk and viewing the city from different angles and our licensed tour guides takes you on a walking private tour, which is necessary to view the archeological, historical and modern sites in Athens. Please look on Touring info and not hesitate to make a request or call +30 697 305 7711